Bone Disease

Healthy bones keep us active and moving with ease. While we generally think of bones as tough and hard, they are actually made of tissue. Your body must continuously replace old bone tissue with new bone tissue.

Bone diseases can affect this replenishment process, causing your bones to become weak, brittle and break easily.

The experienced specialists on our endocrinology team work with patients and families, as well as with any other needed medical specialists to diagnose and treat bone disease—a multidisciplinary approach that offers patients the highest quality care.

Bone diseases we treat include:

  • Osteopenia: This is a mild thinning of the bone mass that is not as severe as osteoporosis. Osteopenia results when not enough new bone is created to offset normal bone loss.
  • Osteoporosis: This disorder increases risk for breaks in bones and may be due to lower than normal peak bone mass and greater than normal bone loss. Sometimes it is the result of lower levels of estrogen after menopause, but may also occur due to a number of diseases or treatments.
  • Osteomalacia: This is a softening of the bones, typically caused by a deficiency of vitamin D or calcium. This can rarely be caused by a hormone-secreting tumor, known as tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO).
  • Rickets: This is a disease caused by long-time vitamin D deficiency, characterized by imperfect calcification, softening, and distortion of the bones typically resulting in bow legs. It can also be the result of genetic conditions.

Treatment Approaches

  • Osteopenia: Treatment may include lifestyle changes such as increasing intake of calcium and vitamin D and exercise. Sometimes medication is prescribed to increase bone growth.
  • Osteoporosis: To prevent bones from thinning further, losing more density and fracturing easily, we generally recommend a combination of exercise, a diet rich in appropriate amounts of calcium and vitamin D, and medications.
  • Osteomalacia: Treatment may include a combination of vitamin D, calcium and phosphorus supplements and careful monitoring to manage the vitamin D deficiency that commonly causes osteomalacia.
  • Rickets: Treatment includes a combination of nutritional changes and increased calcium Rickets symptoms generally disappear once we replace the calcium, phosphorus or vitamin D that patients are missing. 




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