Ulcerative colitis, an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), is an inflammation of the inner lining of the rectum and large intestine. It can cause one or more of the following symptoms:
Diagnosis of ulcerative colitis requires a series of tests that may include:
Symptoms of ulcerative colitis are managed through medications, and surgery is reserved for patients with disabling symptoms, which are not controlled by medications or those with an increased cancer risk. When surgery is necessary, the entire colon and rectum are removed.