Bladder cancer occurs when there are malignant cells formed in the tissues of the urinary bladder (where urine is stored), typically the urothelium (bladder lining).
The bladder is located in the lower abdomen (pelvis) and urine is delivered there from the kidneys by a tube from each kidney (the ureters).
Bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer in men and eight most common in women. The term Bladder cancer encompasses a wide-spectrum of disease.
Treatment generally depends on the specific level of cancer and which layers of the bladder tissue are involved. Treatments may include intravesical therapy (administering a solution inside the bladder), endoscopic management (removal via telescope), surgical removal of the bladder, chemotherapy and radiation. Some patients may need more than one form of treatment.
We take a multidisciplinary approach involving urology, medical oncology, radiation oncology, pathology, radiology and clinical trial teams to find the best treatment approach for each individual patient.