Radical Nephrectomy is done for cancer of the kidney and involves removal of the entire kidney. The kidney may also be removed for other benign (non-cancerous) conditions.
Removal of a tumor or mass of the kidney while preserving the rest of the ‘normal’ kidney around it.
Removal of the entire kidney and ureter (down to its insertion in the bladder) is done for urothelial cancer of the renal pelvis or upper urinary tract.
Renal Cyst Enucleation or ablation
Removal of a cyst on the kidney may be done if it is thought to be causing local symptoms or problems.
This is a repair of the renal pelvis and ureter so urine can drain efficiently from the kidney. This is done for ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction that maybe congenital (inborn) or secondary to some injury or insult to the renal pelvis.
Ureteroscopy and laser lithotripsy
This is done for some stones in the kidney and involves insertion of a small telescope through the urethra and bladder up to the kidney. A laser fiber can be passed through this telescope and used to break up the stone.
Percutaneous Nephrostolithotomy (PCNL)
This technique is used for larger kidney stones and involves insertion of a telescope directly from the flank into the kidney to break up and remove the stones.
Implanting a donated kidney in order to restore kidney function (allowing a person to filter their own blood).